Patient Education


Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)

Age-related macular degeneration or ARMD is a progressive breakdown of the macular region of the retina and surrounding areas in the eye that are responsible for clear, straight-ahead vision. Degradation can result in loss of this central vision and the ability to see color.

The detailed information that follows on this website was written and provided by Luke Lindsell and G. Lowther, O.D., Ph.D., to give an overview of the varying forms of this disease, to distinguish characteristics, and to illustrate some of the possible procedures as well as current research on the subject.


Currently, ARMD affects approximately 11 percent of the U.S. population aged 65 to 74. However, this number is expected to increase dramatically as the baby boomers enter their later years. With this expected escalation in cases of ARMD, the research community has expedited the process of finding a cure. While initial results look promising, it is premature to say that a procedure or cure will soon be found to alleviate ARMD. For the more severe exudative or wet form of ARMD, a few treatment techniques are available. This is not the case for the milder, dry or geographic variety of ARMD. ARMD in either form can severely affect eyesight. Therefore, it is important to understand what ARMD is and how it affects vision. Learn more about ARMD »